Low Back Pain
Poor posture, falls, accidents, lifting heavy objects or even uneven leg lengths can cause severe low back pain. This is made worse by long hours of standing or sitting. The back becomes stiff and the pain may extend down into one or both legs
Slipped Disc & Sciatica
Sciatica is caused by the compression of the sciatic nerve and results in pain or numbness which extends down into the legs. Sciatica can be brought about by falls, sports activities, sitting or standing for extended periods of time. Walking or getting up from a sitting position will cause excruciating pain.
When we age, the cartilage lining the joints starts to break down. This causes the bones to rub against each other. Bone spurs gradually build up around the joints, causing stiffness and limiting movement and flexibility.
Scoliosis is a sideways curve in the spine. In some cases, there are 2 curves, resulting in an ‘S’ shape. Possible causes are difference in leg lengths or habitual poor posture. It can also be due to deformities of the spine that may be present at birth. Scoliosis sufferers may experience back pain and muscular aches. In very severe cases, they may develop heart and lung problems later in life.
This injury commonly occurs when the head is thrown back and then forward as a result of a rear impact in a car accident. This causes damage to the ligaments and muscles of the chest, upper back and neck. The neck bones may be misaligned. This can lead to dizziness, memory loss, numbness of arms and legs. The worst cases may result in disability.
Headaches, Migraines and Neck Pain
Most headaches and migraines arise from the neck region whereas neck pain arises from the upper back and shoulder region.
Emotional stress, sleeping on your side without good support, holding the phone clamped between the head and shoulder, back packs and handbags slung to one side can cause neck or shoulder muscles to tighten up.
In adolescents and young adults, most knee pain problems are sports-related. However, in older people, the cartilage covering the knee joints wears down, leading to osteoarthritis and pain. Tendons that attach the leg muscles to the knee can become inflamed, giving rise to tendonitis.
Sports injuries may be caused by a sudden injury or they may develop gradually as a result of overuse. Other factors include increasing age, previous history of injury, poor sports techniques, lack of proper warm-up, excessive exercise and inadequate equipment.
Elbow and Wrist Pain
Pain in the elbow is usually due to tears in the tendons around the elbow brought about by injury or overuse. Some people refer to it as ‘tennis’ or ‘golfer’s elbow’. In Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, the nerves and tendons associated with the hands and fingers are compressed. This leads to numbness and tingling sensations in the hand.
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Learn as much as you can about your own health. The more knowledgeable you are about how your body works, the better you will be at taking care of it. Google and Wikipedia are your best online friends for finding information regarding your health.